The industry of the Kursk region is represented by 4 main types of economic activities: "Mining", "Manufacturing", "Supply of electricity, gas and steam; air conditioning "," Water supply; water disposal, organization of waste collection and disposal, activities to eliminate pollution. " Their total share in value added in the regional economy in 2013 was 35.5% of the total GRP, in 2017 - about 36%.
Among the most significant industrial centers are the most populated cities of the region - Kursk and Zheleznogorsk.
The industrial complex of the region includes about 1.5 thousand enterprises (including small and medium-sized ones), carrying out production activities in various industries. The enterprises employ more than 102 thousand people, or 20% of the total number of people employed in the regional economy. The share of receipts of tax payments from industry to the budgets of all levels is traditionally more than 50%.
The processing complex of the region is represented by 21 main types of economic activity.
The volume of shipped goods of own production by the type of activity "manufacturing" in 2019 amounted to 194.1 billion rubles in current prices.
The main branches of the processing complex include: food and processing industry; pharmaceutical and chemical industry (production of medicines, rubber products, chemical fibers), mechanical engineering (production of electrical equipment, electronic and optical products, calculating machines, drilling rigs, etc.); pulp and paper industry, light industry.
Among the key manufacturing industries, the largest share is the production of food products, including beverages and tobacco (in 2019 - 52.2%) and chemical production (in 2019 - 22.4%).
The food and processing industry of the Kursk region is one of the leading industries in the processing complex. It includes more than 350 enterprises, of which 100 are large and medium-sized. More than 20 thousand people work at the enterprises of the industry.
In 2019, 16.9 billion rubles were invested in the industry.
One of the priority directions in the food and processing industry is the development of the meat processing industry, the share of which in the production structure is 49%.
The stable operation of meat processing enterprises made it possible to ensure, by the end of 2019, meat production in the amount of 323 thousand tons, with an increase of 3.8% compared to 2018.
At the leading enterprises of the dairy industry, new lines for the production of cheeses and cottage cheese, packaging of dairy products have been put into operation.
In the sugar industry, the reconstruction and modernization of sugar factories was carried out, which made it possible to increase the sugar beet processing capacity to 36 thousand tons per day.
The creation of new capacities for the production of livestock products and an increase in the number of pigs and poultry contributed to the intensive development of the feed industry.
In the near future, in the food sector of the economy, work will continue to attract investments for the creation of highly efficient industries, ensure maximum processing within the region of agricultural products produced, and increase the volume of high-margin products by deepening the processing process.
By opening new high-tech enterprises, it is planned to double the production of food products by 2025 - up to 200 billion rubles, and the export potential of the region will also increase.
Chemical production is also of great importance in the processing industry of the region, its share in the total volume of shipped goods of its own production in 2019 amounted to 22.4%, the number of people employed in production is more than 8 thousand people.
The rapidly developing areas of manufacturing in the Kursk region are mechanical engineering (the share of industries in the shipped products of manufacturing industries is about 15.0%, the number of employees is about 18 thousand people), pulp and paper production, wood processing and the production of wood products (specific the weight of industries in the shipped products of manufacturing industries - 4.9%, the number of employees - 3.1 thousand people.), light industry (the share of industries in the shipped products of manufacturing industries - 2.8%, the number of employees - 6.7 thousand. human). For the listed types of activity, since 2010, there has been a stable growth in the volume of industrial production.
Kursk region has favorable agro-climatic conditions for agricultural activities. One of the most important advantages of the region is the presence of fertile black earth soils. The area of agricultural land is 2560.5 thousand hectares, which are used for the development of agricultural production, including agricultural land - 2389,8 thousand hectares. According to the composition of land use, about 80% falls on arable land and about 20% on hayfields and pastures.
Due to the natural and climatic characteristics of the region, the agricultural sector is important for the development of the economy. The average annual number of employees of large and medium-sized agricultural enterprises was 23.6 thousand people in 2019 (7.4% of the total number of people employed in the regional economy).
The output of agricultural products by all agricultural producers (agricultural organizations, households, peasant farms and individual entrepreneurs) in 2019 amounted to 158.9 billion rubles, the index of agricultural production - 107.4%.
Among the main types of crop production in the Kursk region, one can single out the production of grain and leguminous crops, sugar beets, oilseeds, potatoes, and vegetables.
The priority direction in the region remains the production of greenhouse vegetables, as well as fruit and berry products.
Measures are being taken in the region to develop horticulture. More than 200 hectares of intensive gardens are laid annually.
A new direction is actively developing - the production of mushrooms.
There is a special potential in the development of sugar beet direction. The natural and climatic conditions and the presence of sugar factories with significant modernization capabilities allow for a higher growth in gross sugar beet production compared to other agricultural crops, which has one of the highest margins among crop crops.
In the center of special attention of the Administration of the Kursk region is a comprehensive solution to the problem of developing animal husbandry. Thanks to the state support of the industry within the framework of the national project "Development of the agro-industrial complex" and the state program for the development of agriculture in the region, large investment projects for the reconstruction and new construction of livestock complexes have been implemented and are being implemented. The number of production sites built for 2019 is 122, 12 complexes operate in the field of dairy farming.
The agro-industrial complex of the region is faced with the task of not only consolidating the achieved indicators, but also systematically increasing agricultural production, working to improve the quality of the products grown.
The legal and economic conditions for investment activities in the Kursk region are governed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the legislation of the Russian Federation, the Law of the Kursk region dated August 12, 2004 No. 37-ZKO "On investment activities in the Kursk region", other laws and regulations of the Kursk region.
The law of the Kursk region of August 12, 2004 No. 37-ZKO "On investment activities in the Kursk region" provides for forms of state regulation in order to support investors, of which the most demanded investors are:
creation of the most favored nation treatment;
providing investors with non-individual tax incentives;
the establishment for certain categories of taxpayers of a reduced tax rate of the corporate profit tax to be credited to the regional budget;
provision of investment tax credits;
provision of investment tax deduction for corporate income tax in the Kursk region;
provision of a land plot in state or municipal ownership for lease to legal entities without holding an auction;
providing on a competitive basis:
subsidies to reimburse part of the cost of paying interest on loans attracted by investors from credit institutions;
state guarantees for investment projects at the expense of the regional budget in accordance with the list of state guarantees to be provided, approved by the law of the Kursk region on the regional budget for the corresponding financial year;
preferential terms for the use of state property of the Kursk region;
securing the obligations of investors to credit institutions in the form of pledging property and property rights of the Kursk region on attracted loans for the implementation of investment projects;
subsidies to reimburse the lessee for part of the cost of paying lease payments for equipment purchased on lease on terms of the subsequent redemption of this equipment, or to reimburse part of the cost of interest on loans attracted by the investor from credit institutions to pay lease payments for equipment purchased under lease conditions of the subsequent redemption of the given.
Also on the territory of the Kursk region there are created and operate:
The Council for Improving the Investment Climate and Interaction with Investors, whose main task is to make decisions on the most important issues in the investment field;
Joint Stock Company "Agency for Attracting Investments of the Kursk Region" (hereinafter - the Agency);
an autonomous institution of the Kursk region "Corporation for the Development of the Kursk region" (hereinafter - the Corporation), created in 2020.
An investment portal of the Kursk region and an interactive map have been created, which displays free land plots in the region, engineering and transport infrastructure facilities under construction, a variety of information about the municipal districts of the region.
The Investment Declaration of the Kursk Region was approved.
At present, a number of large investment projects with investments in fixed assets exceeding 1 billion rubles are being implemented and are planned for implementation in the Kursk region.
The sectoral distribution of these projects largely corresponds to the current economic specialization of the region.
These are projects in the mining industry (the initiator of the largest investment projects - JSC "Mikhailovsky GOK named after A.V. Varichev"), in the industry of providing electricity, gas and steam; air conditioning (initiated by the branch of Rosenergoatom Concern JSC “Kursk nuclear power plant”); in agriculture and food industry (initiators: Agroindustrial Holding Miratorg LLC, Agropromkomplektatsiya-Kursk LLC, Mushroom Rainbow LLC; Zashchitnoye LLC; Kurskagroterminal LLC; Prodimex Group of Companies); in the industry of providing services to the population (initiator of the Kurskvodokanal MUE).
In 2019, enterprises and organizations of the Kursk region allocated 144.9 billion rubles of investments in fixed assets.
Fixed capital investments in 2019 amounted to 144.9 billion rubles. (expected for 2020 - 153.2 billion rubles); investments in fixed assets per capita in 2019 - 131.1 billion rubles. (expected for 2020 - 139.1 billion rubles); the growth rate of investments in fixed assets in comparable prices (% to the previous period) in 2019 amounted to 112.5%; the share of investments in GRP is 30.9% (expected for 2020 - 33.6%).
The volume of foreign direct investment in 2019 amounted to 441 million rubles.
In 2019, residential buildings with a total area of 553.8 thousand square meters were commissioned in the Kursk region. In the period 2013 - 2019. 3.950 million square meters of housing were commissioned in the region; over the years, the pace of housing construction has increased by 1.2 times.
As of January 1, 2020, the housing stock of the Kursk region amounted to 34207.85 thousand square meters. During 2013 - 2019 the shares of the housing stock in urban and rural areas changed by 2.4% towards an increase. In 2019, the share of urban housing stock was 62.3%, rural - 37.7%. The total area of rural housing stock is 12906.12 thousand square meters, urban - 21301.73 thousand square meters.
At the end of 2018, in terms of the indicator "Commissioning of residential buildings per 1000 people of the population", the Kursk region achieved results higher than the national average (in the Kursk region - 535 m2, in Russia as a whole - 515 m2).
By the level of provision with the total area of residential premises per one inhabitant, the Kursk region is ahead of the all-Russian indicator (26.3 m2). In 2019, this indicator for the region was 31 m2 on average per one inhabitant.
As of January 1, 2020, the total area of emergency housing stock in the Kursk region was 27.19 thousand square meters, which is 0.17% of the total area of residential premises in apartment buildings.
As part of the implementation of the 2019 stage of the Kursk region targeted program for the resettlement of citizens from emergency housing for 2019-2025 (September 1), approved by the Resolution of the Kursk Region Administration dated March 29, 2019 No. 259-pa, 4.4 thousand m2 of emergency housing were relocated fund.
In general, the housing stock of the region and the housing and communal services sector are characterized by a relatively high degree of development, and the improvement indicators are explained by the peculiarities of the settlement of the region's residents (a high share of rural housing stock, as a rule, well-equipped and equipped with infrastructure is worse than the urban housing stock).
Small and medium business is a diversified sector of the economy and acts as a strategic resource for the development of the region's territory. Significant state support for small and medium-sized businesses in the real sector of the economy and corresponding infrastructure facilities is predicted through the implementation of regional (municipal) programs with financial support from the federal center.
According to Rosstat, the number of registered small and medium-sized businesses in the region as of 01.01.2020 was 40,956 units. of which medium-sized organizations - 78 units, small enterprises - 1030 units, micro-enterprises - 10285 units, individual entrepreneurs - 29563 units.
This sector of the economy employs 122.2 thousand people, which is 22.4% of the total number of people employed in the region's economy.
The turnover of small and medium-sized businesses in the Kursk region in 2019 amounted to 445.6 billion rubles.
The sectoral structure of small and medium-sized businesses is changing: the dynamics of a decrease in the share of trade in favor of the industrial, construction and other sectors of the economy continues.
Formation of favorable conditions for the development of small and medium-sized businesses is one of the priority areas of the Kursk Region Administration's activities in the medium term.
The program measures provide for further state support of activities in the field of industrial and agricultural production, innovation and scientific research, healthcare and education, the development of infrastructure for supporting small and medium-sized businesses and include:
functioning and development of the "My Business" center, where a set of state support measures is carried out on a single site in the "one window" mode The unified information platform "My Business" is focused on helping entrepreneurs in starting and developing their business;
conducting an active information campaign aimed at creating a positive image of an entrepreneur and identifying entrepreneurial abilities, as well as involving persons with entrepreneurial potential and motivation to create their own business in entrepreneurial activities;
increasing the capitalization of a microfinance organization and a guarantee fund to expand microcredit and guarantee services to small and medium-sized businesses;
assistance to the development of entrepreneurship (prioritization of support measures) in the sphere of the economy of the "silver" age, socially oriented entrepreneurship and self-employment;
popularization of entrepreneurship, publication in the media and on Internet portals of vivid success stories of Kursk entrepreneurs;
development of services for business, which will provide services on the principle of "one window";
expansion of consulting and information support for small businesses, development of an Internet portal for small and medium-sized businesses.
Small and medium-sized enterprises that received government support showed an outstripping dynamics of economic results.
The administration of the Kursk region is constantly taking measures to legislatively change the conditions for running small and medium-sized businesses to simplify procedures and expand forms of support for entrepreneurs.
In order to create favorable conditions for the development of small and medium-sized businesses, the subprogram "Development of small and medium-sized businesses in the Kursk region" of the state program of the Kursk region "Development of the economy and foreign relations of the Kursk region" 247,103.28 thousand rubles, including 169,402.40 thousand rubles for state support of small and medium-sized businesses - funds received in the form of subsidies from the federal budget and 77,700.88 thousand rubles - own funds of the regional budget.
In 2020, more than 471 million rubles of budget funds, including 407 million rubles of federal subsidies and 64 million rubles from the regional budget.
A system of support for small and medium-sized businesses was built, in accordance with which a competition was held for small and medium-sized businesses to provide subsidies to start-up entrepreneurs, reimbursement of costs to industrial enterprises associated with the modernization of production, certification, patenting, payment of tax when applying a simplified taxation system, participation in interregional and international exhibitions and fairs, co-financing of programs to support small and medium-sized businesses of municipalities.
In order to overcome the barrier of insufficient awareness of small and medium-sized businesses and improve the quality of information and consulting support for entrepreneurs of municipal districts.
The average monthly accrued wages in the region as a whole in January-August 2020 amounted to 34,712.9 rubles with an increase of 8.9% compared to January-August 2019; real wages increased by 5.2% (in January-August 2019 - by 1.6%).
The highest accrued average monthly wages were at the mining enterprises - 60,611.0 rubles with an increase of 14.6%. At enterprises providing electricity, gas and steam, it amounted to 51,509.0 rubles with an increase of 8.9%; processing industries - 32,208.9 rubles with an increase of 5.8%, for transportation and storage - 35,035.7 rubles with an increase of 9.8%, wholesale and retail trade - 29520.3 rubles with an increase of 5.3% ...
The average monthly salary of one employee in the education sector in January-August 2020 increased by 6.1% compared to the same period in 2019 and amounted to 26,107.9 rubles, in the field of healthcare and social services - by 15.0% and amounted to 35,941, 9 rubles.
Overdue wage arrears in the range of economic activities monitored by Kurskstat as of October 1, 2020 amounted to 16,645 thousand rubles.
The average amount of assigned monthly pensions as of October 1, 2020 amounted to RUB 13,815.13, with an increase of 5.9% over the same period in 2019.
The labor market situation in the Kursk region remains stable.
During 2013-2019, positive dynamics persisted in terms of registered unemployment. The number of registered unemployed in the employment service of the Kursk region decreased by 2348 people. The tension coefficient decreased and became 0.5 units by the end of 2019.
The number of unemployed citizens registered with the employment service in 2019 was 3519 people (a decrease of 40%). The registered unemployment rate in 2019 is 0.61%. The coefficient of human tension per one declared vacancy in 2019 was 0.5.
The labor demand in December 2019 was 7,559 vacancies.
In the context of the current situation associated with the spread of a new coronavirus infection in the Kursk region and the introduction of restrictive measures, since March 2020, the activities of most enterprises have been suspended (limited). An increase in the number of unemployed citizens has been recorded. This indicator increased compared to the beginning of 2020 by 12.6 thousand people and as of 01.07.2020 amounted to 16165 people. The registered unemployment rate increased by 2.15 points and in June 2020 amounted to 2.84%; the tension coefficient changed from 0.5 people per declared vacancy to 2.1 people per declared vacancy.
In 2019, large and medium-sized enterprises in the sectors “Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles "(20%)," Manufacturing industries "(13.9%)," Agriculture, forestry, hunting, fishing, and fish farming "(12.1%)," Construction "(5.9% ), "Transportation and storage" (5.8%). In 2019, these areas in total provided jobs for more than half of the employed population of the Kursk region.
In 2019, the average annual number of people employed in the economy was 505.5 thousand people.
The production index for the type of activity "Extraction of minerals" for 2020 is 98.3%. The industry employs about 12 thousand people. The leading enterprise in the industry is JSC Mikhailovsky GOK, which is the second largest mining enterprise in Russia (in 2020 the name was changed to JSC Mikhailovsky GOK named after A.V. Varichev).
Currently, JSC "Mikhailovsky GOK im. A.V. Varichev "2 large investment projects are being implemented:
1) "Construction of a crushing and conveyor complex on the northeastern and southeastern sides of the quarry" (will ensure the annual production of magnetite concentrate in the amount of at least 17.0 million tons per year, increase the efficiency of the mining and transport complex and further involve processing of high quality ore reserves);
2) “Technical re-equipment of the DOK. Modernization of OMMO with the introduction of fine screening. Construction of a re-enrichment complex ”(will ensure the stable operation of the plant without the threat of a decrease in capacity under the ever more complicated mining and geological conditions of mining in the open pit and radically improve the quality of the concentrate).
As part of the implementation of these projects, it is planned to create a total of about 400 new jobs.
The type of activity in the structure of industrial production of the Kursk region, in 2019 was 16%. The industry employs over 19 thousand people. The volume of shipped goods of own production in 2019 amounted to 58.5 billion rubles in current prices. The main enterprise that generates most of the added value in this type of activity is Rosenergoatom Concern Kursk Nuclear Power Plant, the performance indicators in the electric power industry are determined mainly by the plans of the Kursk NPP for the repair and modernization of power units in order to improve safety and extend their service life.
In 2019, the enterprise generated 23,847.2 million kWh of electricity.
Since 2013, the Kursk NPP-2 replacement plant has been under construction as part of the new most powerful generation 3+ power units in Russia with an electric capacity of 1255 MW each according to the VVER-TOI design. The new power units of Kursk NPP-2 meet the modern requirements of the International Atomic Energy Agency in the field of safety and have improved technical and economic indicators. At the NPP-2 construction site, for the first time at Russian NPPs, an automated system for managing the cost and schedule of NPP construction was put into trial operation.
In the structure of electric energy production in the Kursk region energy system in 2019, the share of TPPs of the PJSC Quadra Power Generation - Kursk Generation amounted to 4.6% (1148.6 million kWh), power plants of industrial enterprises - 0.2% (50, 1 million kWh).
On the territory of the Kursk region, 6 main gas pipelines with a length of 1,183 km have been laid, as well as branch pipelines (572 km), 3 industrial sites, 6 compressor stations, 41 gas distribution stations and a metering unit for gas supplied to Ukraine and Western Europe.
Gas consumption in the Kursk Region in 2019 amounted to 2.113 billion cubic meters. m.
As of 01.01.2020, more than 19.7 thousand km of gas distribution networks have been built and commissioned in the Kursk Region.